For today’s post I’m sharing the International Women’s Rights Timeline from Womankind.org, which is an organization dedicated to furthering women’s rights globally since March 8, 1989. Their focus is twofold:
Supporting women’s rights organizations in the belief that, just as a group of women has greater strength than one woman alone, women can best bring about significant change by getting together.
Development rather than welfare, with an emphasis on funding projects that enable women to become aware of and use their human rights.
1905 Bertha von Suttner becomes the first woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize
1945 Eleanor Roosevelt becomes the American delegate for the recently formed United Nations. In 1946 she is elected as the head of the United Nations Human Rights Commission. She is instrumental in drafting the Declaration of Human Rights.
1946 UN Commission on the Status of Women established with mandate to set standards of women’s rights, encourage governments to bring their laws into line with international convention and to encourage global awareness of women’s rights
1948 Adoption of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which forms the basis for action for promoting equal rights and freedom
1958 Swedish diplomat Agda Rössel is the first woman to head a permanent delegation to the United Nations.
1952 Covenant on Political Rights of Women enacted by the United Nations, calling for women's right to vote and right to stand for elections.
1971 Helga Pederson becomes the first female judge on the European Court of Human Rights.
1973 Tennis star Billie Jean King wins the “battle-of-the-sexes” tennis match against Bobby Riggs. The event is highly publicized and serves as inspiration for demands for equal rights and opportunities for female athletes.
[Photo courtesy of The Guardian]
If you're going to make a mistake, go ahead and make a doozy. Just don't be afraid to hit the ball. (Billie Jean King)
1974 Isabel Martínez de Perón becomes President of Argentina and the first female president in America.
1975 First International Women’s Year, first global United Nations’ Women’s Conference held in Mexico City and beginning of the UN Decade for Women
1979 The UN General Assembly adopts the Convention on the Eliminations of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. It defines what counts as discrimination again women and creates an agenda for nations to adopt.
Margaret Thatcher is elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, becoming Europe's first female elected head of state.
1986 Maria Corazon Aquino becomes the first female President of the Philippines and the first female president in Asia.
1989 Womankind Worldwide founded on International Women’s Day
1993 Adoption of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women; women successfully promote the message that women’s rights are human rights at the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna
1994 Women secure another major step forward for women’s and girl’s right to control their own lives and bodies at International Conference on Population & Development in Cairo
1995 The 4th World Conference on Women is held in Beijing, China and results in a global Platform for Action for women’s equality, empowerment and justice.
The International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo creates a Program of Action. Some of the goals outlined by the Program of Action include, achieving universal education, reducing infant and child mortality, reducing maternal mortality, and achieving access to reproductive and sexual health services including family planning.
1997 Jenny Shipley is elected Prime Minister of New Zealand and becomes the first female head of state in Australasia.
[Photo courtesy of Wikipedia]
2000 The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are developed and include a goal to promote gender equality.
2000 Groundbreaking UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security adopted, recognising the impact of conflict on women and girls and calling for UN member states to involve women in peace building.
2004 Wangari Maathai, a Kenyan environmental activist, is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. She is the first black African woman to win a Nobel Prize.
2005 Women defend their gains at the ten year review of implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and successfully defeat a proposal led by the U.S government for an anti-abortion amendment to the declaration.
2006 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf becomes President of Liberia, the first female elected head of state in Africa.
[Photo courtesy of The Telegraph]
2007 The first all-female UN Peacekeeping unit is deployed. It is made up of over 100 policewomen from India and it is sent to Liberia.
2008 UN Security Council Resolution 1820 adopted, recognizing that sexual violence can be categorized as a war crime; calling for protection from violence in refugee and displaced person camps; and affirming the need for women’s full participation in peace-building processes.
2010 15-year review of the Beijing Platform for Action
2011 UN Women is formed out of a number of existing UN organizations to further the empowerment of women and girls and to advocate for gender equality.
2010 The Secretary-General appoints a Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict.
2011 Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence adopted as the second legally binding regional instrument on violence against women and girls.
2012 United Nations passes a historic resolution outlawing Female Genital Mutilation.
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zumathe is appointed the first woman head of the African Union
UN Day of the Girl celebrated for the first time on 11 October.
2014 Malala Yousafzai became the youngest person ever to be awarded a Nobel Peace Prize.
[Photo courtesy of Glamour]
2015 Sustainable Development Goals launched, including a gender equality goal and targets about ending violence against women and ensuring equal participation.
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